Tonge Genealogy Site:

Click here for list of other Tonge source documents

Ancient Tonges: Tree showing relationships between the various branches of the Tong(e) family C12th - C18th, including the Tonge families of Birstall, Eccleshall, Manningham, Yorkshire, West Thickley, Durham,  Newark, Notts., Highway Wilts., Bolton-le-Moors and Middleton, Lancs., London and Leics.  Also miscellaneous notes on various ancient Tonge families.

William de Tonge, pardoned by the King for disturbing the peace along with many others, for marching on Liverpool in a "war-like" fashion.

Calendar of Close Rolls
20 Edward III pt. 1 v.8 p. 48-50 [m20d]
12 February 1346 Westminster

Subsidy Rolls (Poll Tax) for the year 1379
Morley wapentake, Rothwell parish:
Willelmus de Tonge & uxor iiij.d.

Durham University Library Archives & Special Collections:
Miscellaneous Charters [Skeleton list] 

Misc.Ch. 4978.
Writ of Edward III? to the Prior of Durham, collector for Durham of a tenth granted to the King, ordering him to give 100 of that tenth to Robert de Tong, Keeper of the King's Victuals at Berwick.
Given at Westminster 1 September 11 Edward III? [1337?]
Language: Latin

2381 1321-1331
Tange, Robert
Styled rector of the church of 'Fobbinge' in the diocese of London
Description: Round, on the dexter St Michael, bearing a shield of arms, a plain cross, and driving a spear into the dragon's mouth. On the sinister St Catherine, sword in right hand, wheel in left.
Size: 22 mm.

Misc.Ch. 3829, 3961, 4002, 4077a, 4115m, 4138c, 4433, 4521, 4533, 4916, 4995 

2382 1321
Tange, Robert of
Description: Rounded oval, a man's head tonsured and with long curling hair.
Size: 19 x 16 mm.
Inscription: SIGILLVM ... 
Misc.Ch. 3555, 3767, 3981, 4121c, 4138l, 5081e, 5110b 

2375 1295-1306
Tang, Andrew of
Description: Rounded oval, a female head with head-dress.
Size: 19 x 16 mm.
Misc.Ch. 3456, 3465, 3633, 4771d, 3838, 3929, 3942, 3996, 4028o, 4088h, 4970d, 4076d, 4088l, 4046e, 4062m 

2376 1292
Tang, Andrew
Styled Andrew of Tang, public notary
Description: Round, a dog walking in front of a tree.
Size: 16 mm.
Inscription: IE VOYS . AV . BOYSMisc.Ch. 4136g

2377 1293
Tang, Andrew of
Description: Round, a male and female figure holding hands, their right hands jointly hold a flower.
Size: 25 mm.
Inscription: S' ...DL CESC... SO..EMisc.Ch. 3647 

2378 1292
Tang, Andrew of
Description: Oval, a head held up by two hands, above it a crescent enclosing a star.
Size: 25 x 16 mm.
Inscription: CAPVT IOHIS IN DISCOMisc.Ch. 4126e

2379 1303-1312
Tang, Andrew of
Description: Rounded oval, St Andrew on his cross.
Size: 22 x 19 mm.
Misc.Ch. 3573 (fragments), 3597, 3625, 4028p, 4534, 4915, 4076f 

Subsidy Rolls (Poll Tax) for the year 1379
Morley wapentake, Rothwell parish:
Willelmus de Tonge & uxor iiij.d. 

Thomas de Thong & uxor iiij.d

Skyrack wapentake, Swillington parish:
Thomas de Tong' & uxor iiij.d

The Thornhills may have descended from Gerneber an Anglo-Danish land-holder b. abt. 1025. Gerneber's son was Gamel b. ca. 1050. This Gamel appears often as a land holder of the Calder Valley in the Domesday Book. In fact Gamel [Gamal] was a Yorkshire magnate of the time of Earl Tostig [1055-1065]. Thornhill boasts a runic inscription known as the Thornhill Runes which attests to the pre-Christian culture of the Anglo-Danish settlers. Later in the 1300's This family held the neighbouring sub-manor of Thornhill to the sub-manor of Midgley. 

Gamel had four sons, Leising or Leisingus [had a son, Henry de Eland], Ulf, b. abt. 1075, Orm [Lord of Welbure] andGamelbar, all of whom appear in the D.B. All these names are particularly Danish, which indicates their hold over the Anglian lands after the Danes settled to farming. Orm is known from an inscription on the Kirkdale sundial in North Yorkshire where his estate lay. 
Leisingus managed the Eland Estates for Ilbert de Laci of Pontefract. Leising held the Manor of Rochdale but resided at Eland Hall. 
Ulf had a son Essulf born ca.1100 who died after 1189. Essulf had four sons who were given the second name or surname, Thornhill. In 1100 a law was passed in England that every person must have a second name, here the topographical name derived from the place of birth, Thornhill and Tong was chosen by Essulf. The manor of Shelf, north-east of Halifax was granted to the Thornhill family. This occurred after the 2nd Earl Warrene's [d. 1138] tenure of the Wakefield Manor, for he had been previously granted the Shelf Manor. 

The children of Essulf : 
1. Elias de Thornhill b. 1124 d. 1195 
2. Jordan de Thornhill b.1124/5 d. 1195 married 1148 to Ethelrida b. 1125 d. 1174 they had 8 children. 
3. Richard de Tong b. ca.1125 
4. Thomas de Thornhill b. aft. 1165 d. 1190 had one child William who married Agnes______ 
they had two children, Margery & Elizabeth 
5. John de Thornhill b. before 1161/8 d. after 1185, married Maud_______ they had three children, William, Eustace and Amabil. 

Will of William de Tonge, citizen of London: One hundred marks [1,333s.]each to my two sons. And I will that my said two sons shall live upon the profits of the money bequeathed to them above until the age of twenty years. And if my said two sons be well learned in grammar and adorned with good manners, which shall be known at the end of twenty years, and the elder son wish to practice common law, and if it is known that he would spend his time well in that faculty, I will that over and above the profit of the said one hundred marks he shall have yearly from my rents for the term of seven years five marks [67s.]. And if he should waste his time aforesaid, or if he should marry foolishly and unsuitably, I will that he receive nothing more of the said five marks. 

And if younger son wishes to attend the University of Oxford or to establish himself well in the mystery of a merchant after the age of twenty years, and [if] there be knowledge of his praiseworthy progress in his faculty or his carefulness in trading ... I will that he shall receive five marks yearly in the manner described above for his maintenance, over and above the profit of the said one hundred marks to him bequeathed, for the space of seven years; and if he behave himself otherwise, I will that thereupon he be excluded from the said five marks. And in case the said bequest of 200 marks [2,667s.]to him and his brother shall be annulled so that he shall have nothing therefrom ... then the said 200 marks shall be spent upon all the yearly chaplains who can be had to celebrate divine service in the church of All Hallows for my soul."