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Samuel Tong of Smith Fold, Ainsworth

The Diary of Richard Kay, 1716-51

Richard Kay of Baldingstone, near Bury
A Lancashire Doctor
The Chetham Society, 1968
Page 97. (1745)  25. This Day in the Afternoon I went to the Funeral of Saml. Tong's Son at Smithfold, he was a young Man and died very much afflicted with Strumous Discharges; he was interr'd at Cockey Chappel.

ST notes: Richard Kay's parents were Robert Kay and Elizabeth Taylor of Bury.  Robert  and Elizabeth Kay were mentioned in the will of Susan Hardman of Ainsworth, 1729.  Samuel Taylor of Moston, and his father (also Samuel Taylor of Moston) are mentioned several times in Richard Kay's diary, described as "coz" and uncle respectively.  Samuel Taylor of Moston is also mentioned in the wills of Susan Hardman, Mary Tonge (nee Hardman),  John Tonge and Thomas Tonge.  Samuel Taylor of Moston appears also  to have kept a diary in 1722 -1723, more details below.

Baptisms & Marriages at Ainsworth Cockey Chapel

Anne Tong, dau. of Betty Tong, bp. 1737 Ainsworth (FamilySearch)
John, son of Saml. Tong, died Jul 10th 1736 , buried 12th (Ancestry)
Wm. Tong, son of Peter Tong, bp. 7 Jan 1744, Ainsworth (FamilySearch)

Maps and Photographs of Smith Fold Farm, Ainsworth

Map showing Smith Fold in Ainsworth

Above: Ordinance Survey Map showing Smith Fold, surveyed 1842 - 1847.

Smith Fold, Ainsworth (front)

Above: Smith Fold front in Feb 2017

Smith Fold, Ainsworth (back)

Above: Smith Fold back in Feb 2017

Smith Fold, Ainsworth (front, close up)

Above: Smith Fold front, close up, Feb 2017

The Diary of Samuel Taylor, Threadmaker and Inventory, 1722 - 1723

Transactions of the Newcomen Society
Volume 15, 1934 - Issue 1
Patent Practive in the 18th Century: The Diary of Samuel Taylor, Threadmaker and Inventory, 1722 - 1723
By A.A. Gomme, Member of Council

Samuel Taylor, "of Moston in the Parish of Manchester, Yeoman" applied for a patent for his "new engine for stamping and dressing of thread" on Oct. 18th, 1722.  The diary reproduced here records in detail his experiences in London from October 5th, 1722, to March 19th 1723 during the prosecution of his petition, including all the important steps through which it passed on its way to the Great Seal, which it reached on Feb. 6th, 1723 (Patent No. 453 in the printed series).  While the diary tells us nothing about the invention itself, it gives the earlies first-hand evidence with which the write acquainted of the procedure for obtaining a patent under the old law and well deserves to be put on record.  At the end of the diary the present writer gives the story of the patent from exisitng official sources, as well as a few notes on the early patent procedure and fees.

In addition to the entries given below, the diary contains details of the journeys to and from London which Taylor made on horseback taking five days, at an incusive cost of about 1.0.0 each way (nights were spent at Leek, Lichfield, Danchar [?Daventry], and Hockley [Hockliffe]); daily living expenses in London [breakfast and ale 3d; dinner and ale 7 1/2 d; supper and ale 4 1/2 d.]; occasional expenses [for letters 4d. each; shaving and trimming 3d.; new shoes 5/-; new stockings 3/-; mending and washing, etc.]; and almost daily entries of the names of persons treated to coffee, wine, or jockalett (chocolate) by Taylor.  The writer has been unable to identify any of the individuals named as having any special signficance for the passing of the patent, and it has not seemed necessary to include them.